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|JOHANNESBURG Homme ECCO Kallum Premium Sneakers Blanche Soldes , Oct. 6 (Xinhua) -- The Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) on Monday launched a new range of African currency futures which track the exchange rates in selected countries.
The initiative involves the South African Rand, Zambian Kwacha, Kenyan Shilling and Nigerian Naira. This is meant to help investors, importers and exporters to protect themselves against currency fluctuations in foreign countries.
"The JSE is very excited about this new groundbreaking initiative as we have been working on this strategy for two years, " said Warren Geers, General Manager for Capital Markets at the JSE. "With Africa being a global investment destination it makes sense for the JSE as a major exchange player in Africa to be involved in providing appropriate products to mitigate currency risk and exposure when dealing in Africa," he said.
According to the South African Revenue Service (SARS) Homme ECCO Kallum Premium Sneakers Noir Soldes , trade between South Africa and Nigeria amounted to 34.4 billion rand (about 3.2 billion U.S. dollars) between January and July this year. Trade between South Africa and Kenya were 4.6 billion rand (about 425 million dollars), while trade between South Africa and Zambia stood at about 18 billion rand (about 1.66 billion dollars) in the same period.
The JSE partners Barclays Africa and specialist brokers, Tradition Futures, to bring this new offering to market.
"Our involvement with the listing of the African currency futures on the JSE further deepens Barclays Africa's commitment to growing Markets participation in Africa. As part of our vision to be the 'Go-To' bank, we strive to give our clients superior execution and access to the continent through world-class and leading innovation," said Lourens Harmse of Barclays Africa, who looks after sub-Saharan Africa Trading at the Corporate and Investment Banking division.
The new futures contracts will provide the market participants with the ability to get exposure on the JSE to the exchange rate between the US dollar and the Zambian Homme ECCO Intrinsic Noir Sandales Soldes , Kenyan and Nigerian currencies through trading synthetic cross currencies. To promote cross-currency trading, the JSE will charge trading fees on only one of the foreign trade logs and not both.
"It is a groundbreaking development to have a transparent, independent, well regulated platform to mitigate or assume FX (foreign exchange) Risk in these African countries, against any other currency of their choice - that does not prejudice anyone, irrespective of size, domicile or nationality Homme ECCO Intrinsic Sandales Noir Soldes ," said Andrew Gillespie of Tradition Futures.
"The ability to transact anonymously, through specialist brokers such as Tradition Futures, and to have access to full and fair, timeous price discovery is an international benchmark requirement for a developed market," said Gillespie.
Gillespie said the initiative would allow "a level and fair playing field, where the best price is available to all, without bias or favor Homme ECCO Cruise Sandales Noir Soldes , which is a significant facet and feature of this market in African FX on the JSE."
The JSE has been in existence for 125 years. It connects buyers and sellers in equity, derivative and debt markets.
Photo shows the U.S. journal Science with a cover story about a major technical breakthrough towards quantum communication over great distances by Chinese scientists. Chinese scientists on Thursday reported a successful transmission of "entangled" photon pairs from space to ground stations separated by 1,200 km, a major technical breakthrough towards quantum communication over great distances. (XinhuaJin Liwang)
WASHINGTON, June 15 (Xinhua) -- In "a major technical accomplishment" on quantum communication, Chinese scientists on Thursday reported a successful transmission of "entangled" photon pairs from space to the Earth in efforts to prove that a physical phenomenon once described by Albert Einstein as "spooky" exists at a large distance.
By distributing such entangled photons, or light particles Homme ECCO Irving Fisherman Sandales Noir Soldes , from a satellite 500 km above the Earth's surface, China once again demonstrates its leading position in the field of quantum research, which, though still in its infancy, has already been deemed as a competition hotspot for all major countries across the world, experts said.
The study, published as a cover story by the U.S. journal Science Homme Marron ECCO Cuir Chaussures Soldes , "lays a reliable technical foundation for large-scale quantum networking and quantum communication experimental research, as well as experimental testing of basic principles of physics such as general theory of relativity and quantum gravity in outer space in the future," Pan Jianwei, chief scientist for Micius, the first quantum satellite in China, told Xinhua.
Quantum entanglement, which Einstein referred to as "a spooky action at a distance Homme ECCO Cuir Slip On Marine Soldes ," is a curious phenomenon in which particles are "linked" together in such a way that they affect one another regardless of distance. It is of great significance for secure communications, quantum computation and simulation, and enhanced metrology.
Yet, efforts to entangle quantum particles, such as photons, have been limited to about 100 km, mostly because the entanglement is lost as they are transmitted along optical fibers Homme ECCO Cuir Slip On Noir Soldes , or through open space on land, Pan said.
One way to overcome this issue is to break the line of transmission into smaller segments and use so-called quantum repeaters to repeatedly swap, purify and store quantum information along the optical fiber, while another approach is to make use of satellite-based technologies.
In the new study, Pan, a professor at the University of Science and Technology of China, and his colleagues used the Chinese satellite Micius Homme ECCO Fusion Slip On COCOA Marron Soldes , launched last year and equipped with specialized quantum tools, to demonstrate the latter feat.
The Micius satellite was used to communicate with two ground stations 1,203 km apart, located in Delingha in northwest China's Qinghai Province and. Wholesale Throwback Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys China Wholesale NBA Jerseys Wholesale MLB Jerseys China Wholesale Soccer Jerseys China Cheap Jerseys China Wholesale NFL Football Jerseys Cheap Jerseys From China Cheap College Baseball Jerseys Wholesale Nike NBA Jerseys